NAVY RANKS OF THE CIVIL WAR

REGULAR NAVY:

Commissioned Officers (in order of rank);
Rear Admiral
Commodore
Captain
Commander
Lieutenant Commander
Lieutenant
Master
Ensign
Midshipman

Warrant (Staff) Officers;
Surgeon
Passed Assistant Surgeon
Assistant Surgeon
Paymaster
Assistant Paymaster
Chief Engineer
First Assistant Engineer
Second Assistant Engineer
Third Assistant Engineer
Chaplain
Carpenter
Sailmaker

Appointed Officers;
Boatswain
Gunner
Carpenter

Petty Officers;
Armorer
Cooper
Master-At-Arms
Ship's Corporal
Quartermaster
Signal Quartermaster
Quarter-gunner
Captain of the Forecastle, Hold, Top, Afterguard, etc.

Crewmembers;
Seaman
Ordinary Seaman
1st Class Fireman
2nd Class Fireman
1st Class Boy
2nd Class Boy
Landsman
Coal Heaver

VOLUNTEER NAVY: (1861-1865 only)
The rank of this class of officers was generally distinguished by adding the term "Volunteer," "Acting" or "Acting Assistant" at the beginning of the regular Navy rank as follows;
Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Commander (highest attainable in the Volunteer Service)
Acting Volunteer Lieutenant
Acting Master
Acting Ensign
Acting Master's Mate
Acting Assistant Surgeon
Acting Assistant Paymaster
Acting Chief Engineer
Acting 1st Assistant Engineer
Acting 2nd Assistant Engineer
Acting 3rd Assistant Engineer
Acting Gunner
Acting Carpenter

An excellent discussion of naval ranks and ratings together with images of uniform identification devices has been published by Justin T. Broderick at users.sisna.com/justinb/ranks.html.

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